AN ITALIAN EXPERIENCE - FOOD
Cooking Terms: English & Italian
COOKING TERMS - English to Italian
English Italian English Italian
A    
almond mandorla artichokes carciofi
anchovies acciughe (in oil)   "alla giudia" (deep fried)
  alici (in salt)   "alla romana" (stuffed w/ garlic,
angler fish boidro, martino   parsley and mint; steamed
  pescatrice, rospo   wine
appetizer(s) antipasto(i)   fondi di (bottoms)
apples mele asparagus asparagi, sparagi
apricots albicocche    
B      
bacon bacon biscuits biscotti
  pancetta (di maiale) bitter amaro
  guanciale (Rome) blackberries more
baked al forno blackbirds merli
baloney-type sausage mortadella blood pudding budino di sangue
bananna banane boar cinghiale
barley orzo boiled bollito, lesso
base for soups, stews battuto, sofritto brains cervello
meats, sausage   braised roast brasato
basil basilico bran semolina
bass branzino, persico, spigola bread pane
batter (for frying) pastella fried fettine dorate
bay lauro packaged, sliced in cassetta
beans:   rye bread di segale, di Merano, nero
garbanzo ceci whole wheat integrale
kidney or white fagioli bread sticks grissini
string fagiolini bream orata
broad fava breast (0f) petto (di)
bechamel sauce besciamella broccoli broccoli
beef bue, manzo broiled alla griglia, ai ferri
beef (young) vitellone broth brodo
beef or veal steak bistecca …with noodles pastina in..
T-bone, grilled or broiled …alla Fiorintina …with mixture of egg, stracciatella
Belgian endive individa del Belgio semolina, grated cheese  
beets barbabietole brown, glazed or breaded dorato
birds uccellini (game) Brussel sprouts cavoletti di bruxelles
veal birds …matti, …scappati buns, sweet maritozzi
       
C      
cabbage cavolo cod merluzzo
cake torta dried, salted baccala'
ring shapped ciambella coffee caffe
hard of nuts, candied fruit panforte with grappa corretto
brioche with candied panettone espresso strong, black, small
fruit peel   half milk, half coffee caffe latte
Roman, Christmas cake pangiallo coffee and aerated milk cappuccino
of raisins nuts, citrus, cold freddo
spices   cold cuts affettato
calf's head testa di vitello condiments condimenti
candies caramelle conserve conserva
cantaloupe melone, popone consomme' ristretto
capers caperi cooked cotto
carp carpa cooked to your pleasure a piacere
carrots carote cooked firm (pasta, rice) al dente
casserole, mold timballo cookies biscotti
cauliflower cavolfiore cordials liquori
caviar caviale corn granturco
celery sedano cornflakes floechi di granturco
chard bietola cornmeal farina gialla
cheese formaggio cooked, often polenta
blue gorgonzola served w/sauce  
Swiss groviera cottage cheese ricotta
cheese and butter loaf manteca crab grancevola
soft pizza cheese mozzarella soft-shelled, from Venice moleeche
Parmesan parmigiano cream crema
smoked, semi-hard provolone cream of…with soups di
cherries ciliege coffee cream di latte
amarene sour whipped cream chantilly
chervil cerfoglio cream cheese marscapone
chestnuts castagne cream puffs sfinge
chicken pollo crisp croccante
chicken livers fegatini di pollo croissants brioche
chicory cicoria croutons crostini, dadini
chile pepper peperoncino crust, pie crust crostata
chocolate cioccolato cubes daidini
rich, chocolate cream gianduia cucumbers cetrioli
chop cotaletta cup tazza
cinnamon cannella currants ribes
citron cedron custard crema
clams vongole with caramel glaze caramella
clove chiodo di garafano custard cake zuppa inglese
coconut coco cutlet costoletta, cotoletta
       
D      
dandelion cicoria dough pasta
dates datteri egg dough al 'uovo
desserts dolci served cooked asciutta
dishes piatti dough for pastries pasticcio
hot dishes caldi doughnuts fritelle, ciambella
cold dishes freddi duck anitra
    dumplings gnocchi
       
E      
eel anguilla eggs uova
smalla ciri(u)ola boiled alla coque
large capitone fried fritte
egg flip zabaglione, zabaione poached in camicia, affogate
egg noodles fettuccine, pasta al 'uovo, hard boiled sode
  tagliatelle scrambled strapazzate
eggplant melanzane endive individia (escarole type)
hors d'oeuvre caponata escarole escarola, scarola
       
F      
fennel finocchio fritter fritella
figs fichi frog fish rospo
filet filetto frogs rane
fish pesche fruit frutta
fish soup or stew brodetto, zuppa di pesce in season di stagione
fondue fonduta fruit cocktail macedonia di frutta
foot zampa fruit juice succo di fruitta
fork forchetta fry (mixed) fritto misto
fresh fresco frying pan tegame
fried fritto cooked in the pan al . . .
mixed fried foods fritto misto    
       
G      
grated grattugiato grilled (alla) griglia
grilled (alla) gratella    
gratin (au) gratinato    
       
I      
       
K      
kidneys rognone knife coltello
       
L      
lady fingers savoiardi lemonade spremuta di limone
lamb agnello, abbacchio   limonata
lard lardo, strutto lentils lentiche
lasagne (pasta shape) baked pasta in layers with lettuce lattugo
  cheese, sauce, meat, etc. leek porro
lasagne baked lasagne al forno liqueurs, liquors liquori
laurel lauro liver fegato
lean magro chicken fegatini do pollo
leg coscetto, cosciotto, coscia lobster aragosta
lemon limone loin lombata
    loin chop lombatine
       
M      
macaroni maccheroni meat balls polpette, polpettini
macaroons amaretti meat loaf polpettone
mackerel sgombro medallions medaglioni
marinated marinato melon melone
mariner style alla marinara meringue meringhe
marjoram maggiorana milk latte
marmalade marmellata mineral water acqua minerale
marrow midollo mint menta, mentuccia (Rome)
marrow-bone (shin) ossobuco mushrooms funghi, porcini
mayonnaise maionese mussels cozze
meat carne mustard senape, mostarda
groundmeat, hamburger maccinata    
       
N      
noodles   pastina tiny soup pasta
long, thin capellini nougat torrone
egg noodles fettuccine, tagliatelle nutmeg noce moscata
  pasta all'uovo    
       
O      
oatmeal farina d'avena onions cipolle, cipolline
octupus polpo; polpetti, moscardino orange arancia
oil olio blood oranges tarocehi, tarocco
in oil all'olio orangeade aranciata
olives olive oregano origano
black nere oxtail coda (di bue)
green verdi oysters ostriche
omelete frittata, omelette    
       
P      
pancakes cre'pes pie pizza
pasta, pastes pasta pieces, small pieces, bits pezzi, pezzetti, pezzetini
stuffed agnolotti, cappelletti, pig maiale, porco
  ravioli, tortellini, cannelloni suckling,stuffed w/spices porchetta
large, tubular rigatoni pigeons palombacci, piccione
fine vermicelli pig's head testa di maiale
Parmesan cheese parmigiano pike luccio
parsley [rezzemolo pineapple ananas
pastries paste pine nuts pignoli
peaches pesche plums suisune, prugne
peanut butter burro di noccioline pomegranate melograno
peanuts noccioline pork carne di maiale
pears pere pork chop braciola di maiale
peas piselli pot (usually deep, meta) casseruola
peel buccia pot roasst stracotta
pepper pepe potatoes patate, patatine
sweet green pepperoni roast arroste
sweet red pimiento fried fritte
preseved in vinegar peperoni sott'aceto poultry pollame
preserved in oil peperoni sott'olio preserves marmellata
dried hot red peppers peperoncini prunes prugne
perch cernia pudding budino
pheasant fagiano pumpkin zucca
pickles sottaceti pure'e pure'
       
Q      
quail quagle quinine china
quince cotogno    
       
R      
rabbit coniglio rib steak etrecote, costato, brachila
radishes ravanelli, radici   di manzo
horse radish rafano rice riso, risotto
raisins uva secca, uvetta rice flour farina di riso
rare (of meat) al sangue roast arrosto
raspberries lampone roasted or baked al forno
raw crudo, fresco roast beef rosbiffe
rhubarb rabarbaro rolls panini
    rosemary rismarino
    rye bread pane di segale, tedesco
       
S      
saffron zafferano sole sogliola
sage salvia souffle' suffle'
salad insalata soup zuppa, minestra
mixed misticanza sour agro
salad without dressing insalata scondita spaghetti spaghetti
salami salame spices spezie
salmon salmone spicy piccante
salt sale spinach spinaci
sandwich tramezzino, panini spit (roasted on..), spitted spiedo, spiedino
sardines sardine spongecake pan di Spagna
sauce, gravy sugo, salsa spoon (large) cucchiaio (large)
white bechamel (small) cucchiaino
tomato salsa di pomodoro squab piccione
green sauce salsa verde squash zucce
hot sauce salsa piccante squid calamari
pesto basil, parmesan, garlic, oil steamed cotto a vapore, affogato
meat alla bolognese, ragu' stew spezzato, stufatino, ragu'
tomato w/garlic, oregano alla pizzaiola straw cannuccia
sausage salsicce, cotechino, strawberries fragole
highly spiced pork zampone string beans faggiolini
season (in) di stagione stuffing ripieno
seeds semi stuffed ripieno, imbottito, farcito
semolina semolino sugar zucchero
shark squadro sweet dolce
shellfish frutto di mare swet and sour agro-dolce
shrimp gamberi, gamberetti sweetbreads animelle
skin buccia sweet red pepper pimiento
slice fetta, fettina sweets, cakes, desserts dolci
smoked affumicato Swiss cheese groviera
snails lumache swordfish pesce spada
snapper orata syrup sciroppo
       
T      
tamarind tamarindo toothpick stuzzicadenti
tangerine mandarino trifle zuppa inglese
tarragon dragoncello tripe trippa
T-bone steak bistecca alla Fiorentina trout trota
tea te', the' truffle tartufo
testicles granelli black nero
thyme timo white bianco
toast pane tostato tuna fish tonno
tomato pomodoro turkey tacchino
tomato paste conserva turnip rapa
tongue lingua    
       
U      
unseasoned scondito    
       
V      
vanilla vaniglia veg. with entree contorni
veal vitello vegetable soup minestrone
rolls filled w/cheese, pros- involtini venison cervo
ciutto, sage, carrots, etc)   vermouth vermut
vegetables legumi, verdura vinegar aceto
    preserved in vinegar sott'aceto
       
W      
wafer, waffle cialda, cialdone white sauce besciamella
walnuts noci whole wheat bread pane integrale
water acqua, acqua mineral wild selvatico
water-ice granita wine vino, vini
watercress crescione red rosso
watermelon cocomero(Rome) white bianco
  Anguria (N. Italy) local or table da tavola, locale
whip spuma sweet dessert wines passiti
whipped cream panna mortata, chantilly    
       
Y      
yeast lievito    
       
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